In 1988, after a fire broke out in Jahangirpuri slums, Prayas JAC Society was born out of the realization of vulnerabilities faced by children, women and the underprivileged and our founder’s (Mr Amod Kanth) aspiration of contributing towards resolving the social and developmental issues plaguing our society. In pursuance of these aspirations and keeping up with the challenges our society faces today, Prayas works in the following thematic areas:

Education Education
Alternative Education   The concept of Alternative Education (AE) has been defined in many ways and the way we in Prayas see it is – planned and deliberate educational activities or programmes for out of school children of 6-14 years age group, leading to learning outcomes comparable to that of elementary schools. The focus of Alternative Education is ensuring the participation of all out of school children including children in need of care and protection and other categories of children like street children migrant children girl child etc.  Alternative Education works on the premise that the formal system may not address the needs of all children. Mere imparting literacy may not solve the requirements of these children. Hence the need for a system that adapts to the diversity of needs of the street and working children.   Prayas works with the following categories of children

  1. Street Children
  2. Child labour
  3. Child Prostitutes
  4. Children in Conflict with Law
  5. Children in need of care and protection


The Alternate Education Programme of Prayas

 
Prayas has been providing Alternative Education to street and working children in Delhi for the past 15 years. Over the years the model has evolved and undergone many changes. Prayas does not attempt to create a system that runs parallel to the formal system already in place. Our aim is to complement the formal school system by addressing its weaknesses and making it malleable to address the needs of those that have been left out and are marginalised. It is an attempt to bridge the distance between the formal and the non-formal in the best interest of the children.  

The AE model as followed by Prayas can be understood as-
 
  • Non Formal Education
  • Provision of education to all the children out of school in the 6-14 age group by neighbourhood learning centres, following a flexible schedule and incentives like mid-day meals, uniforms, shoes and sweaters.  

  • Formal Education
  • Preparation and enrolment of more than 5000 children every year in formal schools.  

  • Distance Education
  • Prayas is accredited by the Ministry of HRD to run the National Institute of Open Schooling for street and working children.  

  • Inclusive Education
  • Prayas interprets inclusive education as a philosophy which aims to bring together all children into the mainstream. This includes those with learning difficulties, the disabled, the girl child and children from marginalised sections of society.  

  • Vocational & Life Skills Education
  • Vocational & life skills education – Mere literacy will not equip the children to deal with the vagaries of life. Non formal education coupled with vocational training and life skills education create a positive impact in terms of placement and rehabilitation of the trained children and their mainstreaming into society. The Jan Shikshan Sansthan set up with the Ministry of HRD imparts training in more than 20 skills to children in the 15 to 18 years age group.  

  • Ensuring Quality
  • Access to education of poor quality is tantamount to no access at all. Prayas seeks to ensure quality in its educational programme by 1     Development of comprehensive curriculum in collaboration with national level institutes like NCERT and NIEPA 2     Regular training of teachers 3     Development of appropriate teaching learning material 4     Joyful education 5     Emphasis on experiential learning through theatre, craft, art etc 6     Involvement of community and parents in PTAs. 7     Involvement of children through Bal Panchayats  

  • Education for All (EFA)
  • ‘Education for All’ means what it says. The international community committed itself, in the Dakar framework for Action, towards providing free primary schooling by 2015. Besides reducing the adult illiteracy by half it heavily stressed on increasing the early childhood education and programmes for out- of school children, and improving the quality of education. It also emphasizes the elimination of the gender disparities in primary and secondary schooling by the year 2005. The Education For All (EFA), led by UNESCO has embraced a mission that includes both advocacy and a sense of accountability towards commitments. It campaigns to improve the quality and availability of education at both global and country levels.              

    CONVERGENCE ON CHILD PROTECTION Child protection is one of the most pressing issues in the social sector which must take the first call in the government, CSOs and other stakeholders at large, being the most fundamental amongst the 4 categories of UNCRC (United Nations Convention on the Rights of Child) rights namely, survival, protection, participation and development. The issues concerning child protection are scattered all over and directly concern the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Social Justice & Empowerment, Human Resource & Development, Labour & Employment and Home Ministry which deals with legal issues and human trafficking.

    While the JJ Act 2015 provides a broad and overall structure for child protection in the country, various Programs and Schemes of Government are currently functional under different Ministries/Departments. For instance, Integrated Child Protection Scheme – Ministry of Women and Child Development, National Child Labour Project Scheme- Ministry of Labour & Employment, One Stop Centre Scheme – Ministry of Women and Child Development), Samagra Shikhsha Abhiyaan – Ministry of Human Resources & Development, Victim Compensation Schemes – National Legal Services Authority, etc. Moreover, programs related to child protection require active participation of Ministries such as Health & Family Welfare, Human Resource & Development, Home Affairs (Police- Special Juvenile Police Units, Anti-Human Trafficking Units), Labour & Employment and Railways.

    Prayas discussed this with Hon’ble Minister, MWCD, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani and Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog besides Mr Alok Kumar, Advisor, NITI and Secretary and Additional Secretary, MWCD. Following this, a meeting was organized at NITI Aayog on 28th February 2020 under the chairmanship of Shri Alok Kumar, Advisor, NITI Aayog and attended by Chairperson, NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights), and other officials from NITI, MWCD and some CSOs including Prayas. It was decided that a Plan of Action shall be prepared to ensure better coordination and convergence amongst relevant Ministries/ Departments.

    In these extremely difficult COVID-19 times, when children across the country are suffering the most without being able to voice their problems, there is an urgent need to synergise efforts of all relevant stakeholders and Government Ministries/ Departments so that all the necessary services are accessible to the children, especially those in need of care and protection.

    PRAYAS’ Role in Child Protection

    INSTITUTIONAL FACILITIES Shelter Homes for Children:Prayas strives to provide institutional facilities for the protection and growth of neglected children or children rescued from difficult circumstances. To address the issue of child protection, Prayas runs 38 (Thirty-Eight) Shelter Homes for Children throughout India where every child is provided a family environment for proper growth and development. It caters to the educational, social, emotional and mental well-being of the children.

    Drop-in centres: Prayas runs multiple Drop-in-Centres, which are essentially a ‘Contact or Facilitation Centre’ wherein a child may seek assistance in the form of care, protection and other support services including a temporary abode, where he feels protected from an exploitative environment. These Centres operates for those children who are defined as ‘children in need of care and protection’ under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.

    NON-INSTITUTIONAL FACILITIES

    Crisis intervention Centre and 24 hour Out Reach Service:

    Prayas through its Crisis intervention centre and outreach services provide emergency assistance and support services to vulnerable individuals (children, youth and women). We assist in securing emergency health services, counselling and legal assistance to those in need.

    Child Protection Unit The Child Protection Unit (CPU) of Prayas plays a pivotal role in drawing the experiences from the numerous institutional and non-institutional programmes and raising issues of concern at the policy level. The organization has raised the issue of child protection vehemently in collaboration with more than 280 Child Protection NGOs in the light of the Integrated Child Protection Scheme of the government taking their recommendations to the doors of the Planning Commission as a member of the Steering Committee and the Working group on Children.

    Children being an extremely vulnerable population, their protection assumes great significance for their healthy development. However, not seen as a major issue earlier it has surfaced as a matter of major concern for policy makers and even public at large. The United Nations Convention on Child Rights, by declaring Right to Protection as an issue of child rights has provided some attention and obligation on the signatory states though much remains to be realized. Going by literal meaning, Child Protection would bring under its ambit numerous categories of children whose security is at stake, reeling in situations of neglect, maltreatment, injury, trafficking, sexual and physical abuse of all kinds, pornography, corporal punishment, torture, exploitation, violence, and degrading treatment waiting for immediate attention and protection.

    These children often addressed by different names has been recognized by the Indian government as children are in “Especially difficult circumstances” with their estimated figures at nearly 30 million as per the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The much needed infrastructure and administrative mechanisms for dealing with the apathy of such children in India has been far from being adequate in spite of the recognition of the problem. Prayas has been striving for providing institutional facilities as well as promoting non-institutional mechanisms for the effective rehabilitation of neglected children. The organization considers the juvenile justice, child trafficking, child labour and child abuse as issues of child rights and child protection and addresses them through Six Shelter Home for children, Childline, 24 hours emergency out-reach service and Crisis Intervention Centre. The Child Protection Unit (CPU) of Prayas plays a pivotal role in drawing the experiences from the numerous institutional and non- institutional programmes and raising issues of concern at the policy level. The organization has raised the issue of child protection vehemently in collaboration with more than 280 Child Protection NGOs in the light of the Integrated Child Protection Scheme of the government taking their recommendations to the doors of the Planning Commission as a member of the Steering Committee and the Working group on Children.

    Child Rights Child Rights

    Our team of superintendents and counsellors ensure that Prayas JAC’s mandate on child rights and development is adhered to in its full spirit.

    This facilitates a healthy and secure environment for all the children based at the Prayas JAC Shelter Homes, Observation Home, Night Shelters, Drop-in- Centres and Short Stay Shelter Homes. Ourfacilities, ensure the daily nutritional requirements of children are met with, and that they get plety of time to play and study keeping in mind the individual care plan of each child. As the environment looks after their physical and psychological development, this gives them an opprtunityto flourish.

    Our centres in Arunachal Pradesh, and Bihar run special Primary Health Centres. Our centre inAndaman and Nicobar Islands has a School Health Program. Such projects showcase the comittment Prayas JAC has towards the holistic development of children.

    Child Trafficking Child Trafficking
    Child Trafficking Prayas has undertaken an initiative to work in the field of trafficking of women and children. For this purpose, it has established linkages with active organizations working in this area and the Government of India. Special attention is on the girl child, street and working children, child labor and domestic child labor (including forced child labor). In this regard, Prayas has developed links with Anti-Trafficking Network, Delhi, ATSEC and South Asia Forum against Human Trafficking (SAFAHT), etc and organized a number of national and regional level consultations sponsored by Governmental agencies, UNIFEM and the UNDP. Prayas also lobbies with key leaders and policymakers about the need to tackle this problem on a war footing. A major outcome of these events was a heightened interest and response from the government in tackling this issue. Equally important was the generation of heightened awareness about this issue among the marginalized communities particularly those prone to be affected by trafficking.   Human trafficking is one of the gravest violations of human dignity and human rights. Trafficking can be classified under three heads: (a) for commercial sexual exploitation (b) for exploitative labour and (c) for other forms of exploitation, like organ sale, camel jockeying, etc. Prayas is running a Global trafficking-in person project funded by U.S. Department of States. Working  with organizations (Anti Trafficking Network, ATSEC, SAFAHT established linkages provides Livelihood options for the survivors of trafficking based on core business principles & entrepreneurship ‘Sanchay’ Prayas outlets with Prayas and Amul products. Beneficiary training in marketing, financial management & communication skills. Credit facility for Entrepreneurship.   The Survivors’ Plan of Action to Combat Human Trafficking:
    • Traffickers, Procurers, Financers & Abusers be prosecuted & given severe punishment.
    • Identified locations & chor- rastas used by smugglers and traffickers to be intercepted, monitored & plugged.
    • Awareness Campaign in source villages about the dangers of trafficking to alert children/parents.
    • Raids/Action on transit & destination points e.g. Model Project evolving jointly amongst Indian Railway, Delhi Commission, NGOs & Police.
    • Plan of Action drawn up through Delhi High Court Order, stakeholders’ roles defined with Senior police officers to be present during the raids.
    • Best Interest of the survivors paramount in planning Rescue – Rehabilitation. Self-confidence and self-esteem of the trafficked persons to be safeguarded
    • Training provided for economic rehabilitation should be productive to enable them independent and dignified life
    Prayas has been addressing the issue of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual exploitation of Children and Women through its various projects and the Anti Trafficking Unit in the rescue and rehabilitation of the children. The Crisis Intervention Centre established on 9 January 2000 is one such program that primarily caters to cases of rape of minor girls in the South District of Delhi. Such cases frequently need psychological support, shelter and rehabilitation. This pilot project is being run in collaboration with the Delhi Commission for Women, the Government of Delhi, the Central Social Welfare Board and the Delhi Police. Starting from the criminal investigations of the act to the rehabilitation and counselling of the victim, CIC’s work has been a source of in-depth learning for the sponsors of the programs. Besides helping the cases registered under rape, CIC also assists in dealing with the cases of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation referred to it by the Delhi Police. The CIC package of service includes counselling, coping with trauma, medicare and rehabilitation Prayas’ Suggestions and Views on The Amendment in Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act, 1956  
    Child Labour Child Labour
    Child Labour Prayas has been constantly engaging with the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE), statutory bodies like NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights) and NHRC (National Human Rights Commission) for advocating and formulation of legislation, policies, SOPs, Rules, Manuals and Action Plans, towards the elimination of child labour. These include amendment to the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 and its Rules, SOP for Combating Trafficking of Persons in India, SOP for Effective Implementation of Child Labour Act, Amendments in Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourer, National Child Labour Project etc. As a member of the Central Advisory Board, Prayas constantly assists MoLE in framing better policies. As a major partner in the Indus Child Labour Project, Prayas implemented a model for the rehabilitation of child labour through Transitional Educational Centres, Vocational/Skill Centres for victims of child labourers and Income Generation Program for families of child labourers.   A study conducted by Prayas in Jaipur, Rajasthan revealed that during 2014 – 2016, 1,582 children were rescued from child labour, and out of these, 1,200 (75%) were traced back to Bihar. Since 2014, Prayas has been constantly involved in rescuing and restoration of children trafficked from Bihar into Rajasthan, particularly Jaipur, repatriating over 2500 children back to their home state. It is estimated that there are 50000 child labourers in Jaipur alone. Prayas’ constant engagement with the States of Bihar and Rajasthan has ensured the development of an Inter-State working Arrangement between the two States, from the point of mapping and identification and rescue to rehabilitation, including follow up in courts and for compensation. Prayas has also drafted an Inter-State SOP with NCPCR to identify functions of various departments of the concerned States, especially in cases of child labour and child trafficking. It has the following important components:   Prayas filed a petition in NHRC regarding the non- practicability of the new Bonded Labour Rehabilitation Scheme i.e., The Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour 2016. It was submitted in the petition that due to linkage of the release of rehabilitation package with the conviction of the accused persons being tried under the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, it becomes extremely difficult and also time-consuming for the released bonded labour to get the monetary benefits under the Central Sector Scheme ( compensation of 1,2,3 lakhs respectively). The resultant delay in non-payment of rehabilitation package leads to re-victimization of the victims and they have no option but to fall back to bondage. NHRC has accepted the issues raised in the complaint and opined that there is a need to immediately revise the Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour, 2016.   The Special Training Centres (STCs), envisaged by the Labour Resources Department and Prayas, are aimed at socially rehabilitating and reintegrating survivors of child/adolescent labour. The children in these Residential Centres have access to non-formal education, soft skills, life skills, vocational training, etc. The program focuses on the holistic development of children through innovative pedagogy and planned extracurricular engagements.  Prayas is currently running 3 such STCs in Bihar (Gaya, Patna, Jamui)   After its inception, the organization realized that a large number of children in Delhi were engaged in the hazardous occupation of rag-picking to eke a living for themselves and their families. To wean these children from rag picking, Prayas started need-based programs comprising of alternative education, nutrition, health, counselling, recreation and shelter. To strengthen the services further it started a vocational skill training program to provide earning opportunities to the marginalized children and youth. The Child Protection programs of Prayas are based on the belief that the needs and rights of children are synonymous. Prayas has adopted a unique yet significant strategy for combating the problem of Child Labour by linking it with Education and Juvenile Justice and wishes to create replicable models to address this problem.   Though Prayas conforms to the total elimination of Child Labour yet it believes that this aim can be achieved only in a phased manner. It claims that legislation alone cannot be effective but would have to be supplemented by providing proper educational and occupational alternatives to working children. The target children generally constitute school children (child labour or potential child labour), street and working children and children especially girls who are engaged in household chores or work outside their homes and are left with a fair amount of free time left to attend school. The holistic development programs with an integrated approach are suited to address the child labour needs of care, protection, development and participation, thereby enabling them to overcome their own limitations and come out of the difficult situation to develop their full potential. The salient features of the program are:  
    • Alternative Education, Formal Schooling and National Open School (NOS) provide multiple opportunities suited to every child’s individual needs of education. This is strengthened by the Sponsorship program for children.
    • Vocational Training opportunities.
    • Placement/ Self Employment.
    • Community mobilization through setting up of local institutions for withdrawing children from work and sending them to school.
    • Prayas is one of the major partners in the Indus Child Project being implemented in Delhi. This is a technical collaboration program of ILO, US Labour Department and Department of Labour Govt. of India.
    • Based on its experience it has been assigned the responsibility of implementing a replicable model for the rehabilitation of child labour in Jahangirpuri and North-East Delhi. The components of the program comprise:
    • Transitional Education Centers (TECs) for 650 child labour in the age group of 9-13 years
     
    Child Abuse Child Abuse

    National Child Abuse Study: Priority of Child Protection lost amidst Promises of Inclusive Growth’

    Mr. Amod K. Kanth

    Why: The National Study on Child Abuse has been taken up primarily to assess the situation of child abuse, in the light of the National Charter for Children and the National and State Commission(s) on the Rights of Child, likely to be enacted by the Parliament soon. So far no authentic data or report on child abuse is available to formulate a national level legislation and a national policy.

    Prayas: This study, being undertaken by Prayas Institute of Juvenile Justice, in collaboration with the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India (Now Ministry of Women & Child Development) with supported by UNICEF & Save the Children Fund (UK). Contents

    • Introduction
    • International Perspective
    • National Perspective
    • Prayas’ Intervention on Juvenile Justice
    • Need for a Study on Child Abuse
    • Objectives of the Study
    • Coverage of the Study
    • Expected Outcome of the Study
    • Process Involved in Developing the Protocol
    • Present Status of the Study and Future Course of Action

    Introduction: Forms and dynamics of child abuse have undergone major changes in recent decades, adding multifaceted dimensions, complexities and challenges. The problem of child abuse and the web of its human rights violation embrace some of the most critical aspects of the worst forms of child exploitation and abuse on the international human rights agenda.The UN Convention on the Rights of Child, 1989 is the most important instrument in the history of child rights at the international level. The Convention has been ratified by most of the developed as well as developing countries, including India, which ratified the Convention in 1992. The four major Articles pertaining to child abuse and neglect in the Convention are: Article 3: Protect the best interests of children; Article 19: Protect children from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, mal-treatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse while in the care of parents, legal guardians or any other person in whose care they are ; Article 34: Undertake to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse; Article 35: Take all appropriate national, bilateral and multi-lateral measures to prevent the abduction of, sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.

    Introduction: International Perspective: The World Health Organisation estimates that 40 million children below the age of 15 suffer from abuse and neglect, and require health and social care.

    • A survey in Egypt showed 37 % of children reporting being beaten by their parents, and 26 % reporting injuries.
    • 36 % of Indian mothers told interviewers in a survey that they had hit their children with an object within the last six months.
    • A 1995 survey in the US showed that 5 % of parents admitted disciplining their children through hitting the child with an object, kicking the child, beating the child, and threatening the child with a knife or gun.
    • Recent South African Police statistics show 21,000 cases of child rape or assault reported against children as young as nine months old. The UN Secretary General’s Study on Violence Against Children is an outcome of the gross violation of children’s rights. It is a joint initiative, directly supported by the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, UNICEF and WHO. The study is likely to provide an in-depth global picture of violence against children. National Perspective
    • The situation of children in India is deplorable. Almost 100 million children in India are out of school, despite the proactive stand by the government and the successful implementation of the Education for All programme. Nearly 35 million children are homeless, according to an estimate, although there are homes for just about 36,000 children.
    • Studies across India show child abuse to be prevalent in a rampant form. More than four lakh children in India are reported to be victims of commercial sexual exploitation. In Delhi alone, nearly four to five lakh children live on the streets, 53 % of young children suffer from malnutrition and 33 % of the 6-14 age group are deprived of schooling.
    • An average of 44,476 children are reported missing in India every year (NHRC-UNIFEM, 2003), out of which 11,008 children continue to remain untraced. Most of these children end up in brothels or being abused by tourists.
    • The extent of abuse inflicted on children gets reflected from the crime records data. The total crime against children showed a rising trend from 1999 to 2001, as 4,957 cases were registered in 1999 as against 6,087 cases in 2001. However, in the year 2002, such cases went down to 5,972. The total figure for crime against children for the year 2003 (2,084) is not comparable with the figures of the previous year as the figures of child rape are not included for the year 2003. Data on child rape are not collected on a monthly basis.
    • Cases of infanticide (134) have increased by 16.5% in 2003 compared to 115 in 2002. Maharashtra reported the highest cases of infanticide (30), which accounted for 22.4% of the total infanticide cases in 2003.
    • Cases of female foeticide have decreased by 38.1% during 2003 (52) compared to 84 in 2002. Rajasthan reported the highest number of cases of foeticide (11), which alone accounted for 21.2% of the total cases of foeticide in 2003.
    • Incidence of kidnapping and abduction of children was around 700 in 1999 and 2000, which suddenly rose to 2,845 & 2,322 in 2001 and 2002 respectively and again went down to 765 in 2003. The highest number of cases of kidnapping and abduction of children was reported from Maharashtra and Gujarat.
    • Cases of procuration of minor girls increased by 37.9% in 2003 (171) compared to 124 in 2002. The highest number of cases was reported from Bihar (47)
    • Although incidence of child rape, one of the worst form of sexual abuse, has declined between the periods 1999 and 2002, from 3153 cases to 2532, the unofficial number may have been higher since many cases may have not been reported. So is the case with kidnapping and abduction. Prayas’ Intervention on Juvenile Justice

    Need for a Study on Child Abuse: The National Study on Child Abuse has been taken up primarily to assess the situation of child abuse, in the light of the National Charter for Children and the National and State Commission(s) on the Rights of Child, likely to be enacted by the Parliament soon. So far no authentic data or report on child abuse is available to formulate a national level legislation and a national policy. Child abuse cases, in the given sense, are generally not reported due to the fact that such an offence does not figure under any law (except the Goa Children’s Act), or due to the absence or inadequacy of legal provisions. It may also be on account of several cultural, socio-economic and psychological reasons. It becomes imperative to undertake a national level study on child abuse, since very few studieshave been conducted in this extremely critical area. Child abuse, unfortunately, has not been viewed as a separate offence or group of offences, or state of body and mind, causing physical and emotional damage to the child. It is, at best, viewed in the context of child labour, child prostitution and child trafficking, for which legal provisions have been made.

    Since child abuse as a concept and its various dimensions have not been properly established because of lack of authentic and comprehensive data, it is all the more essential to undertake a scientific national level study, to formalize a definition and concept of child abuse in the Indian context. The study will focus upon the extent, forms and nature of child abuse. The extent and application of the existing legal and constitutional provisions do not appear adequate to address the issue of child abuse. The study will give more concrete grounds for a separate legislation on child abuse, along with appropriate strategies to tackle the same at the micro as well as macro levels. Finally, the study will prove to be helpful in evolving guidelines for the prevention and control of child abuse.

    Objectives of the Study – Overall Goal of the Study: To develop a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of child abuse, with a view to formulating appropriate policies and programmes in order to effectively curb and control the problem of child abuse in India.

    Specific Objectives: The specific objectives of the study are as follows: (1)To assess the magnitude and forms of child abuse in India. (2)To study the profile of the abused children and the social and economic circumstances leading to their abuse. (3)To critically analyse the existing legal framework to deal with the problem of child abuse in the country.(4)Recommend strategies and measures for further streamlining child development policies and programmes. Coverage of the Study

    Sampling Design: The study will be located in India. A multi stage sampling design has been used for the study. State, district, block and respondents constitute the four stages of sampling.

    Selection of States: All States in the respective zones will be arranged in descending order of literacy and one State will be selected from the upper quartile and one from the lower quartile from each zone. Literacy has been taken as an indicator, as it is expected that higher the level of literacy, lesser will be the chances of child abuse.

    The States thus selected are as follows:

    • North Zone : Delhi & Rajasthan
    • Central Zone : Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh
    • Eastern Zone : West Bengal & Bihar
    • Western Zone : Maharashtra, Goa & Gujarat
    • Southern Zone : Kerala & Andhra Pradesh
    • North Eastern Zone : Mizoram & Assam

    Selection of Respondents: For the purpose of this study, a child has been defined as a person not exceeding 18 years of age.

    The following categories of respondents have been identified for the study:

    • Street children
    • Working children
    • Children in schools
    • Children in institutional care
    • Children in family groups not attending school
    • Process Involved in Developing the Protocol

    Attempt will be made to have a representation of girls, particularly in (a), (b) & (d). Besides, we also need to accommodate the views of those individuals who are studying or are working – are in business (self-employment), are in offices, in factories, or working in agricultural farms. Given this, a substantial number of young adults (age 18 – 21 years) will be included in the sample. (g) Yet another category of respondents will be stakeholders, which will include school teachers, police officers (sub inspectors and above), municipal committee members, Panchayat members, welfare officers, etc. From each category from (a) to (g), 50 respondents will be selected. Thus, from each block, there will be 7×50 = 350 respondents. This will give us a targeted sample of 350 respondents x 48 blocks = 16,800 informants, which will be, hopefully, a dependable representation of the ‘study universe’ and which will provide us with dependable insight into the phenomenon of child abuse.

    Expected Outcome of the Study: The study is expected to lead to the following outcome:

    • Defining child abuse in the context of the prevalent situation reflecting from the study.
    • Emergence of a national scenario on child abuse. Likely coping strategies on child abuse based on adults and children’s perspectives.
    • Need and justification for legal measures to tackle the problem at the national level
    • Training of various stakeholders on issues related to child rights and abuse
    • Formulation of a national level plan of action to address child abuse
    • Developing schemes, strategies and programmes based on targeted interventions at the state level.
    • Developing IEC materials on child abuse to be used in schools and other institutions

    Process Involved in Developing the Protocol: A series of meetings of the Core Research Team were held at the Department of Women and Child Development and Prayas Head Office to discuss about the objectives, outcome and duration of the Study. It was decided that a two-day National Consultative Workshop would be held in Delhi to orient the partners on the objectives and purpose of the Study. The Two-day National Consultative Workshop, sponsored by the Dept. of Women and Child Development, was held on 20th & 21st April, 2005 at Vigyan Bhawan Annexe, to discuss about the concept, nature and forms of child abuse and the broad methodology for conducting the National level Study.

    Present Status of the Study and Future Course of Action: The study was formally launched on 1st September 2005. A series of meetings took place to finalise the information schedule for the three categories of respondents, in which experts from various disciplines were made to participate. The children and the young adults’ schedule was pre-tested on a small sample in Delhi, which was conducted in October 2005. The items in the schedule were modified after the pilot survey. A two-day Training of Trainers Programme was conducted to familiarize the project staff with the concept of child abuse, the methodology of the study and the field instruments, on 28-29 October, 2005. The Project Director of the National Study participated in the South Asia Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, organized by the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect on Nov 16-18,2005 at Singapore. The Conference provided an opportunity to interact with experts from the region working on different aspects of child abuse and neglect. Before the data collection begins, Zonal level Training of Investigators workshops will be conducted in each zone between December 2005 and January 2006, under the supervision of the Zonal Advisors, identified from each of the six identified zones. The first of these workshops has been completed. The survey would take place between January and April 2006. Data entry, tabulation and analysis will take place between May and July, 2006. The findings of the study would be shared and discussed with experts in a one-day workshop to be held in the month of August. The final report would be prepared thereafter.

    Juvenile Justice Juvenile Justice

    Our projects in Rajasthan, Bihar and Delhi focus towards supporting children whilst they interact with the Law enforcement, Judiciary and the Government.

    Our intervention on field has helped children receive benefit of legal aid schemes, government compensation schemes the protection they need.

    This has also created a base for advocacy and policy making work. Our work on field with vulnerable children, the problems that our team face whilst presenting the case of these children in front of government agencies and the problem they face whilst working on sensitive issues pertaining to the righs of child, gives Prayas JAC a comprehensive view of the ground reality. Our teamis actively involved in combating, rescuing, rehabilitating and providing assistance to chidlren who are victims of trafficking, child labour, bonded labour, abuse, amongst other cases. Our endeavour is to provice assistance to every child who is in need.

    The aim of all the organizational interventions is to promote social re-integration and rehabilitation of needy children through non-institutional approaches. However, the organization provides institutional facilities for comprehensive care, protection and rehabilitation of the homeless and destitute children with the ultimate goal of mainstreaming them into life.Even during their temporary stay in the shelter homes the children are enrolled in educational programmes and encouraged to undertake vocational skills training courses for placing them into suitable jobs.Recreational and educational trips form part of the program for ensuring healthy growth of these children.

     

    The child friendly environment of the homes gives them the opportunity to celebrate all National and Cultural festivals irrespective of their community. Rehabilitation of the children high on priority takes place through restoration, placement, sponsorship, etc.

    (Link: Shelter Home for girls, PCH, Railway Children, etc).

    Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment (PIEE) Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment (PIEE)

    Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment (PIEE), a unit of Prayas, was established in June 2005 to design, develop & conduct training programs aimed at building livelihood opportunities for youth and women of the rural and slum based communities in Delhi and outside through life-skills cultivation and technical trainings in contemporary market driven trades that prepare the marginalized beneficiaries for jobs and, or, small business enterprises. PIEE major role is to provide training to empower youth & women with entrepreneurship and related practical skills from marginalized communities. Under PIEE All Courses are conducted according to the Qualification Pack of NSDC under NSQF. Major courses offered have been in the Sectors of IT/ITeS, Beauty & Wellness, Telecom, Apparel, Construction, Agriculture, Retail &Hospitality and RPL. Job Roles have been decided according to the interest and aptitude of candidates seeking skill in a particular sector.

    This Institute also covers members of Self Help Groups in Delhi and outside as its target group for its empowerment through training oriented economic activities which involve production and marketing functions as means to economic end. As such, components like vocational training, life-skill up-gradation, production, marketing, micro-credit, micro-financing, job opportunities and micro-business enterprises form the fiber of this institute.

    Functions of PIEE
    • Conducting market survey to identify locations and trades prior to setting-up a training centre
    • Providing Vocational Education/Training to create opportunities for productive livelihoods and jobs
    • Launching trades for training, based on market survey
    • Cultivating and up-grading vocational skills
    • Developing Technical skills
    • Forming Self-Help Groups that derive their income from micro-enterprises, supported by micro-credit
    • Producing market driven goods/services
    • Creating marketing avenues for profit from sales
    • Ensuring opportune placements (job/small-business set-up) for the beneficiaries
    • Making the centers self-sustainable through revenue generation
    • Creating new training centers
    • Up-scaling existing centers and their programs as per contemporary market trends.

    Objectives of PIEE To improve the occupational skills and technical knowledge of trainees and to raise their efficiency and increase productive ability by providing training in the field of Computer, Typing, Stenography, Dress Designing, Cutting Tailoring and Embroidery, Beauty Culture, Auto-mobile repairing, Screen Printing and Book Binding, Candle Making, House Wiring etc.

    To organize training and orientation course for key resource persons, master trainers on designing, development and implementation of skill development programmes

    To widen the range of knowledge and understanding of social, economic and political systems in order to create critical awareness about the environment

    Promote national goals such as secularism, national integration population control, community development, women’s equality, productivity, water conservation and environment.

    Operational Areas

    Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment (PIEE), presently covers the slum clusters and re- settlement colonies like Jahangirpuri, Tughlakabad, Vasant Vihar, Batti Mines, Dakshin puri, Vivek Vihar, Pandav Nagar, Bhagwanpur, Narela, Hari Nagar, Kirti Nagar, Zakheera etc. for Vocational Training and Community mobilization. Instructors working with Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment are trained from NVTI/ITI or having other higher qualifications with relevant experience.

    Micro Finance – Introduction

    “Microfinance is the provision of financial services to low-income clients or solidarity lending groups including consumers and the self-employed, who traditionally lack access to banking and related services.??? Microfinance is not just about giving micro credit to the poor rather it is an economic development tool whose objective is to assist poor to work their way out of poverty. It covers a wide range of services like credit, savings, insurance, remittance and also non-financial services like training, counseling etc.

    Salient features of Microfinance:
    • Borrowers are from the low income group
    • Loans are of small amount – micro loans
    • Short duration loans
    • Loans are offered without collaterals
    • High frequency of repayment
    • Loans are generally taken for income generation purpose
    Prayas ventured into Micro Credit business in January, 2007. So far, Prayas has disbursed Rs. 4.66 crore among 2814 beneficiaries. Prayas fulfill the credit need of community through SHG’s and JLG’s . Prayas is having micro finance operation in Delhi and Bihar. Apart from micrJo credit work, Prayas also involve in micro saving and working as business correspondent model of ICICI Bank and YES Bank. In August, 2009, RBI recognized Prayas as one of the best Business Correspondent model working in Delhi. Micro Finance – Current Status and Growing Concerns in India

    Microfinance sector has grown rapidly over the past few decades. Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus is credited with laying the foundation of the modern MFIs with establishment of Grameen Bank, Bangladesh in 1976. Today it has evolved into a vibrant industry exhibiting a variety of business models. Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in India exist as NGOs (registered as societies or trusts), Section 25 companies and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), cooperative societies and other large lenders have played an important role in providing refinance facility to MFIs. Banks have also leveraged the Self-Help Group (SHGs) channel to provide direct credit to group borrowers. With financial inclusion emerging as a major policy objective in the country, Microfinance has occupied centre stage as a promising conduit for extending financial services to unbanked sections of population. At the same time, practices followed by certain lenders have subjected the sector to greater scrutiny and need for stricter regulation. Although the microfinance sector is having a healthy growth rate, there have been a number of concerns related to the sector, like grey areas in regulation, transparent pricing, low financial literacy etc. In addition to these concerns there are a few emerging concerns like cluster formation, insufficient funds, multiple lending and over-indebtedness which are arising because of the increasing competition among the MFIs. On a national level there has been a spate of actions taken to strengthen the regulation of MF sector including, enactment of microfinance regulation bill by the Government of Andhra Pradesh, implementation of sector-specific regulation by Reserve Bank of India and most recently, release of Draft Microfinance Institutions (development and regulation) Bill, 2011 for comments.

    Women Empowerment Women Empowerment

    The mission of Prayas JAC is to empower women who are the most essential pillars of social transformation. The aspirations of our organisation to empower women is reflected in the following activities:

    • Skill development and vocational training
    • Weekly Clinics & Monthly Health Camps
    • Formation and strengthening of SHGs
    • Non-Formal Education (for women & children)
    • Nutrition Demonstration programmes
    • Samajik Suvidha Kendra (Information-cum-facilitation Desk)
    • Legal Counselling

    Several training programmes have been conducted for the strengthening of the SHG beneficiaries and they have also been taken to the exposure trips to give them an insight of the income-generating activities. The beneficiaries have also been supported through the exhibitions and displays being organised by Prayas or other organisations.

    Economic Empowerment through Vocational Skills Education, Self-Help Group, Micro-Credit and Income-Generation Programme (IGP)

    The beneficiaries and the target population under the programmes mainly constitute the deprived children, youth and women of the society. Since, economic empowerment forms the prerequisite to attain social justice and development Prayas embarked on creating avenues of self- sustaining opportunities for the adolescent children, unemployed youths and the economically deprived women of the community. Prayas a member of working group on social Deviants and Caring the Other Disadvantaged To achieve the objective of economic up gradation though creation of livelihood opportunities Prayas has joined hands with Jan Shikshan Sansthan, a programme of Ministry of HRD and providing vocational skills opportunities for marginalized youth. Joining in this endeavor is Prayas Institute of Economic Empowerment (PIEE) a subsidiary of prays. These two bodies are promoting adoption of income generation of activities by the marginalized women of the community through creation of Self- Help Groups.

    (1) Institute for Economic Empowerment (PIEE)

    (2) Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

    Besides the above the organization is collaborating with number of other agencies for the economic sustainability young girl as survivors of trafficking and child labour. The Economic Rehabilitation of Trafficking Victims (ERTV) is one such programme where Sanchay Prayas, outlets for diary products and items prepared by the Self – Help Group are sold. These outlets being independently managed by the trafficked survivors rescued by Prayas has become a model for business entrepreneurship wherein the profit is shared equally amongst them (Link: ERTV programme).

    Health & Hygiene Health & Hygiene
    Prayas Health Services: Primary Care Services and Continuity of Care

    Funded by: Kamla Devi Jain Charitable Trust

    Prayas Health Services since 1994 addressing the primary health care need of the urban slum population in communities of Delhi, Bihar and Arunachal Pradesh with special focus on poor populations living in listed and unlisted slums, other vulnerable populations such as homeless, rag pickers, street children, rickshaw pullers, construction workers, sex workers, and temporary migrants. An important focus area of ‘Prayas Health Services’ is to achieve convergence among the wider determinants of health by focusing in providing by strengthening the better secondary prevention  as an integral part of Urban Health Needs.

    Improved health seeking behavior, influenced through capacity building of the community based organizations & establishments of an appropriate referral mechanism are also an important component of Health Services.

    Services provided:

    • Free OPD Services: 2 hours in the morning and 2 hours in the afternoon/evening (5 days a week)
    • Free antenatal check-ups and referrals to nearby hospitals like Janki Das, Acharya Bhikshu and Deendyal hospital.
    • Regular camps with Max Hospital and Mahavir international with free distribution of supplements for children and mothers to be.
    • 40 percent cases are children below 12 years of age for diarrhea, skin infections, vaccination, jaundice, urinary tract infection and regular seasonal viral with cough, cold, ear infection.
    • 20 percent cases are gynecological referral and antenatal checkups
    • 10 percent cases are geriatrics with pain in knee, spine, orthopedic referrals, diabetes, cataract, difficulty in breathing, bronchitis.
    • 10 percent cases are emergency cases.
    • 10 percent cases are of tuberculosis out of which more than half are relapse cases.
    • Counseling of community is done on family planning, importance of clean drinking water and sanitation, taking balanced diet, identification of high risk pregnancies, promotion of institutional deliveries.
    • Free Beauty parlour courses and tailoring courses for the community children
    • Staff- 2 doctors, 1 nurse, 1 mobiliser,1 community health worker,1 ambulance driver,1 beautician course teacher,1 tailoring teacher.
    • Medical Health Van (Ambulance) used for referral services from community to nearby hospitals

    Major Medical support from INOX CSR FOUNDATION

    1. 24 hours Emergency Services: Stabilisation of the condition of patient before referral to Hospital, Dog Bite/Snake Bite, Scorpion Bite and other Emergency cases
    2. Early registration of all pregnancies ideally in the first trimester (before 12th week of pregnancy)
    3. Minimum 3 antenatal checkups and provision of complete package of services. First visit as soon as pregnancy is suspected/between 4th and 6th month (before 26 weeks), second visit at 8th month (around 32 weeks) and third visit at 9th month (around 36 weeks).
    4. Associated services like providing iron and folic acid tablets, injection Tetanus. Toxoid etc (as per the “guidelines for ante-natal care and skilled attendance at birth by ANMs and LHVs)
    5. Laboratory investigations like hemoglobin, urine albumin, and sugar, RPR test for syphilis
    6. Nutrition & Health Counselling/Identification of High Risk Pregnancies/ Appropriate Management/ Promotion of institutional deliveries

    Prayas Janhit Swasthya Kendra-Primary Health Centre-(PHC), Wakro, Arunachal Pradesh – Prayas Health Centre (named as Prayas Janahit Swasthya Seva Kendra) provides services to the entire neglected community in the Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh. The centre aims to create a model health care delivery system in an innovative way. It modernizes the deprived health care system with all the modern equipments so that we can render services to the entire community.

    The Bhore Committee in 1946 gave the concept of PHC as basic health care unit to provide integrated curative and preventive health care services to rural population. Prayas Janhit Swasthya Kendra is providing services to the rural population of more than 15,000 since 2006 in Wakro, which falls in Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh. It is running its services on unique public private partnership under National Rural Health Mission and Government of Arunachal Pradesh. It is committed to provide comprehensive primary health care services to the community through its trained and qualified staff.

    It has upgraded its services to align with the set of standards being recommended for Primary Health Centre to be called as Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) for PHCs.

    The Hans Foundation Mobile Health Care Unit –  The Hans Foundation ‘Mobile Health Care Unit’ programme is being implemented with financial support from The Hans Foundation, New Delhi. Under the programme all residents of 17 villages of Wakro namely Parsuram kund, Tillai, Somba, Naukilo, Mainuling, Londvin, Tumba, Manthi & Tishu are being provided medical and health services.  The main target of the programme is on girls and women. Apart from service delivery, health workers are provided training, health camps are organised and awareness camps held. The programme has 27,516 beneficiaries. Under the programme, an ambulance visits each village twice in a month and provides services.

    Objectives:

    • To improve health status of villagers primarily women, men, adult, children and old
    • To provide health facilities in remote villages
    • To provide facilities easily and on time so time and money both are saved
    • To counsel beneficiaries on topics like sanitation, clean environment, nutritive diet, eye care, mental health counselling, substance abuse, etc.
    • To get women included in the family as an important part of the family apart from making them feel importance of health
    • To make health facilities accessible in villages
    • To motivate for ante and post natal care and promote safe deliver

    IMPACT Report:

    • 120 Health Camps been conducted during the year
    • 27,516 villagers in total been benefitted through Mobile Medical Unit, (MMU)
    • 2400 children been immunized

    Creating Impact at the Field: On January 12, 2017 there was an outbreak of diarrhea, in Parsuramkund during Mela. 37 numbers of pilgrim suffered due to that outbreak. When we got information then our MMU team rushed there and found  out the case of diarrhea. We had seen that people from that area were  having negligence for drinking water and sanitation .Our MMU team encouraged them and gave them  proper treatment .After three days all diarrhea cases were subsided .Now they have good riddance from their illness.

    Project Overview-(Wakro-Arunachal Pradesh) – The Availability and effective utilization of health services are necessary preconditions for improvement of the health status of the population. The long-term goal of the Indian government has been to provide health care to rural communities through PHCs. Even more important is a social reality: there just are not enough trained and qualified doctors to adequately serve the entire urban and rural populations of India even if we could provide financial incentives for them to work in rural areas. The need to rectify this problem has become critical especially given the fact that over 650 million people live in rural areas across the country with poor awareness of health issues.

    This ignorance, coupled with the increased mobility between rural and urban areas, has led to an explosive increase in the spread of diseases like HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B and C. We envisage PHCs functioning as the first level in a hierarchical system of health care facilities. At this primary level, PHCs will play two equally important roles: First, diagnosis of diseases based on symptoms and simple laboratory tests, and their treatment either at the centers or through referral. Second, health education leading to family planning, better hygiene and sanitation, and prevention of communicable diseases, especially sexually transmitted diseases. The government has shown keen interest in finding private partners to revitalize the PHCs. To this end Prayas Janhit Swasthya Seva Kendra in collaboration with the Government of Arunachal Pradesh and National Rural Health Mission which defies one’s perception of the primary health care centers (PHCs) dotting the rural landscape is running Primary Health Care Center at Wakro and two sub-centers at Medho and Tillai. The PHC has under its 21 villages in Lohit District and covers a population of more than 15,000. Prayas Janhit Swasthya Kendra acts as a cornerstone in providing health services since 2006. Through its 24×7 range of curative, promotive, and preventive health care services and with appropriate linkages, plays an important role in increasing institutional deliveries thereby help to reduce maternal mortality and infant mortality. It acts as a centre of activity for all centrally sponsored schemes of immunization, vaccination, pulse-polio and Janani Suraksha Yojana.

    Prayas JAC Society with support from HANS Foundation will initiate comprehensive range of health care services to under privileged communities in outreach, remote rural areas and at distant places where to provide consistent health services is a constant challenge through an equipped mobile medical van. The program will focus on providing wide range of promotive, preventive and curative health care of services. The program will based on innovative concept of “Community based Self Sustainable Health Delivery Model???.

    PHC MEDO – Arunachal Pradesh – The project came into existence in 2006 in collaboration with National Health Mission to run a Public Health Centre (PHC) to reach thousands of people in need of health care services. The project has successfully promoted equitable and high quality health care in rural areas with a special focus on woman and children. Wakro is a circle under Lohit district of Eastern part of Arunachal. Presently, Alok Prayas is running one Primary Health Centre located at Wakro, having population of 9000 approx. This is a public private partnership project with Govt. of Arunachal funded by Planning Commission of India. The NGO is given entire responsibility of functioning and management of Prayas Health Centre. The attendance ranges from 70-120 patients per day.

    Objectives :
    • To improve the overall health & hygiene status of marginalized groups with health care issues with the special focus on Reproductive, Maternal, New born, Child and Adolescent (RMNCH+A)
    • To demonstrate a PPP model to provide and facilitate the use of health service delivery, especially in geographically constrained regions with poor access to primary health care services
    • To enhance community capacity and participation in order to sustain health initiatives beyond the life of the Project.
    • To provide mobile health care services in Lohit District by covering 50 villages where the basic access to health service is lacking.
    • Increase access to health care in an underserved area: The primary objective of the mobile clinic is to bring health care into a community with limited access, specifically to those who are uninsured or underinsured.
    • To ensure curative health care: To prescribe and dispense medicines on the spot for the common ailments and referral to hospital for other cases.
    • To educate and build health awareness: To raise awareness about preventive health care issues including family planning, communicable and other diseases, audio visual equipment and a large screen will be fitted in the van. With the help of this facility educational films can be shown in villages.
    • The clinic also integrates patients into existing social services and health care systems through referrals.
    • To provides free episodic care at a time and place chosen to best serve our target population.
     Activities Covered :
    • Conduct a baseline survey in first month of the project to assess the health status of project area, grappling with health care issues with the special focus on Reproductive, Maternal, New born, Child and Adolescent (RMNCH+A). Special emphasis on preparing a detailed list of pregnant women as per their trimesters (1,2and 3) & services to be offered and the status of new born.
    • Prepare a monthly visit schedule for the MMU for medical check-up and ensure the operation resonates with the plan.
    • 2 no. of training programs would be conducted for health workers for enabling them to provide effective community based maternal, new born and child care their communities.
    • 1 no. of medical camps (ENT, Eye, and Dental) would be organized Quarterly selected villages.
    • Maintain daily/monthly records of beneficiaries, inventory, referral cases, medical camps etc.
    • Awareness programs for Village on different health issues in clusters for 30 villages
    Targeted beneficiaries:

    The underprivileged population living in the target areas is the beneficiaries under the program. The program specially focuses on women and children.

    Additional Primary Health Centre (APHC)-Supaul (Bihar)

    The APHC was inaugurated on Oct 12, 2009 by the Civil Surgeon of the then Supual. It runs 24 hour services OPD as well as Reproductive Child Health Services. The services which we provide are as follows:

    Nutritional Rehabilitation Centre: Area Covered:District of Supaul
    Objective:
  • To control severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and provide facility-based care to SAM children among 6-59 months children in the district.
  • To halve the percentage of SAM children in the state by 2015.
  • The NRC has been providing medical and nutritional care to severe acute malnourished (SAM) children 20 in number at one batch. They are kept in the NRC for three weeks. Along with medical care, special focus goes on timely, adequate and appropriate feeding to the children and special care has been taken to improve skills and understanding of their mothers with respect to Nutrition, Health and Hygiene issues. In addition to this their mothers are the preparation of low cost, nutritious diets from locally available food stuffs.

    The Goal of the Project is to improve the availability of and access to quality health care for people especially those residing in rural areas.
    • Delivery System
    • Essential New Born Care
    • Provision for Referral
    • Anti Natal
    • Immunization for children and pregnant women
    • Post Natal Care
    • Family Planning Services
    • Prevention and Management of RTI/STI
    • Essential Laboratory Services
    Research & Development Research & Development
    Action based research forms the core activity of the Organization. While implementing the projects and programs we gather innumerable experiences and findings that have been helpful in guiding our programs

    These findings besides being helpful in giving clarity to our own understanding of the concept have also benefited us in developing replicable models. One of the most noteworthy outcome of these action based researches has been the use of the findings for influencing child rights policy and programmes.

    (Link- Comparative Study on JJ System under CIDA, National Study on Child Abuse)
    Training & Capacity Building Training & Capacity Building

    The Institute of Juvenile Justice has been able to create a cadre of experts on thematic areas of child protection and juvenile justice, child labour, education for marginalized children, corporate social responsibility, economic empowerment and entrepreneurship development, programme management, monitoring and evaluation, child abuse, urban poverty and homelessness, etc. Different academic institute and universities, research bodies recognize Prayas Institute of Juvenile Justice as a resource centre and engage its programme faculty for educational dialogue and teachings on these themes as a guest faculty. ( Link: Training, volunteers and cultural exchange program)

    Prayas entered a new pattern of networking with other NGOs offering them its skills, expertise and good practices in the area of elementary education under the REACH India project Links: (Reach India project).

    Disaster & Crisis Management Disaster & Crisis Management

    Disaster Risk Management
    PRAYAS INTERVENTIONS

    Prayas has always considered itself a partner in the development of the nation and sees its role as a ‘prime mover’ along side the Government, local administration and the disaster management agencies to facilitate networking & cooperation in areas of emergency relief, short-term and long- term rehabilitation, restoring livelihood opportunities, reduction of vulnerabilities & disaster preparedness of children & women and to prevent them from further exploitation and gender disparities. Therefore, as an agency committed to child survival, protection & rehabilitation, whenever any natural catastrophe struck the country it could never choose to operate in isolation, oblivious of the pain of the affected families right from its inception. As a result after the massive earthquake that hit Gujarat on 26 the January 2001 and the Tsunami earthquake in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2004, the organization decided to reach out to the crisis needs of the large population that was awaiting relief services.

    Flood Disaster in Bihar: Supaul Prayas District:

    In the year 2007, the disastrous flood in Samastipur, a much bigger flood disaster, which has been declared as a National Disaster by the Prime Minister of India, has struck several districts in Bihar on the changed course of the turbulent river ‘Kosi’, traditionally known as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’. The districts of Bihar most badly affected are: Supaul, Araria, Madhepura, Purnia, Bhagalpur and khagaria. It is reported that in the inundated districts, nearly 2.5 million people are marooned in 441 villages and nearly 04 million people very badly affected. Nearly 65,000 hectares of land was said to be under water and most of the rail and road links snapped.

    Having its vast experience of working in major disasters, such as, Gujarat Earthquake, Tsunami in Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Orissa cyclone, besides the latest Samastipur-Darbhanga flood 2007, the organization has activated its Bihar-based team to undertake the challenge, intervene the situation and join hands with the govt. and other organizations for rescue and rehabilitation in the worst-affected district – Supaul.

    A dedicated team of Prayas with local and visiting volunteers with hands-on experience of flood disaster has set-up its rescue, relief and rehabilitation operations at the district headquarters Supaul and at Kattaiya 3, Bandh of 22 RD Basantpur Block. This area is under water, rendering thousands hungry, homeless and completely ravaged due to the fast and furious currents of Kosi, very close to its entry point in Bihar. Considering the ferocity of the flood and magnitude of the devastation of life and property and the need for rescue, relief and rehabilitation, the team is camping at this far-flung location almost 40 k.m. away from Raghopura, and nearly 80 k.m. inside from Supaul Township. The rescue operation in this remote and inaccessible area is being managed by the National disaster forces and Prayas is deeply participating to serve the marooned and displaced children, men and women through our own relief and rehabilitation camp.

    Our team headed by Sri Amod K. Kanth, General Secretary Prayas, was camping at Supaul Apart from the rigorous follow up with the national, state and district level government functionaries, Police and disaster management authorities, Resident Commissioner in Delhi down to the key in officials of Supaul – District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police, the Prayas-Anubhooti team under the banner ‘Punarwaas’, is present round-the-clock on the site of the disaster. They are busy in relief operations, joining in rescue process and tackling the situation for short-term relief and long-term rehabilitation of the flood victims, who are extremely deprived and poor. We are also trying to generate resources for the relief camp for nearly 5,000 flood victims along with a mobile trauma health care centre, which we propose to set up in Supaul district in close association with the local government and communities. Prayas has been able to set up a mega camp ‘PUNARWAS’ along with the partner organization, Anubhooti at Supaul. We are expected to cater to the needs of 5000 people. Already 2000 people have started residing in the camp and many more are expected to join soon. At present need assessment survey has been done and specific needs of the lactating mothers, children between the age group of 0-5, and 6-14 years have been identified as our target group, where intervention is required for relief and rehabilitation.

    Following an intensive survey and need analysis by Prayas to understand the ground requirements and resource-need analysis, we have initiated multiple programs for children, women, elderly and disabled in distress for the support and rehabilitation. Some of the relief activities identified are as under-

  • Distribution of food and other necessary items, such as, sattu, chiwara, gur, biscuits, milk powder, salt, bread, drinking water, match box, torch.
  • Distribution of medicines like Chlorine tablets, Alum, Bleaching powder, Vaccine, Anti-snake vial, skin preventive medicine, medicated soap etc has been done for the flood affected people.
  • Distribution of clothes among the flood affected people through the local community support.
  • Other required materials- distribution of mosquitoes nets, match box, candle, plastic mug, bathing soap, and mosquito coil for the flood affected people.
  • Distribution of roof tent material among the house less flood affected people in the form of Bamboo, Ropes, Plastic shed, Tripal for self support or sheds which will be prepared by the plastic bags for the shelter purpose.
  • Establish one help desk for victimized children and women, the missing-and-found, and to save them from exploitative situations in close partnership with district officials and other organizations.
  • Liaison with Govt. institutions – The organization will closely operate with the administration and also the officials of the State Government engaged in relief and rehabilitation work.


  • Prayas Intervention

    In Bihar flood can be stated a curse for its people since the time immemorial during raining season as many districts of this state remain immersed with the spilling over water of the swollen rivers which have been flowing through these districts. The deluge that aggravated the natural calamity has broken the backbone of the developmental indicators leaving the people at large to face very difficult and struggling life. The devastating impacts of the disaster of the sullen rivers have either ended or changed the normalcy and routine life of people even many of them are not able to save their lives from the deadly affect of the rivers.

    This year Saharsa, Araria, Purnia and Supaul districts of Bihar have been badly affected by the flood waters of “the sorrow of North Bihar” Koshi River compelling them to be home less as by the time 29 lacs people have been badly affected and encircled by flood water. Thousands of marooned people have been stranded and trapped by flood water owing to the change of the course of Koshi river. The district administration machineries have been working continuously to provide relief work along with evacuation process for the people who have been badly impacted by flood water but that efforts by the government machineries seem to be a drop in the ocean as only one lac people have been rescued and taken to the safer places and more than 41000 displaced people have taken shelter in relief camps stalled by many agencies. The catastrophe has created very pitiable and heart rending situation there and the flood-hit people are left to continue their lives until the grace of God.

    First of all we will select such type of place which has been shown in the photograph given below. There we will provide our relief and rescue operation work for the affected people: –

    • The flood affected people are compelled to drink flood water which may cause epidemic in those areas so we will provide the very first need of the flood victims that is pure and safe drinking water for that we will distribute chlorine and water purifier tablets. • We will distribute milk powder for infants and babies as the food packets provided by all the agencies to the victimized people do not contain milk that is the food of the infant and babies as they depend to milk only so if milk powder is not distributed for the infants they may die of starvation as their parents are not in condition to give milk to their babies. • We will distribute packets which will contain matchbox, candle, tourch, live saving drugs for the diseases like dehydration, malaria, fever etc. Having been continuously for the last 12 days with watery environment the victims are likely to face skin diseases so we will distribute them the medicines for that. • We will provide food stuffs to the flood affected people and each packet will contain Chura, Sattu, Gur, Namak, bread etc. • Cloths and polythene sheets are essential as most of them are now homeless and they have been taking sun shelter for the past twelve days so by making available these items to the flood-hit people we will try to continue their sustainability in those areas and in their turbulent predicament with the ever worst circumstances.

    Prayas was setup two groups of people and the first group will discharge following activities:-

    • First group: To find and select a place in district head quarter from where we will operate all the relief and rescue operation for example liaison of the agency with administration, providing safety and communications, packaging of the above materials which will be distributed in particular selected area and providing moral and psychological support to face the adverse circumstances positively and boldly.

    • Second Group: The volunteers who have expertise over working in flood affected areas will be furnished with small shaded hut like structure which will serve as the point to provide various services to the victimized people and the volunteers will also establish coordination with the local influential people so that the most needy and flood afflicted people could be identified and will be handed over the materials. And day by day with providing the services in a speedy process we will convert that place in to a crisis intervention centre.

    Earthquake Disaster in Gujarat

    On January 26 2001, at 8.46am, a huge earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale shook the entire state of Gujarat, resulting in thousands of deaths admissive destruction of property, infrastructure and livestock. Prayas responded to the crisis immediately providing food, temporary shelter, trauma counselling,community centres and day care for orphaned children and women. Earthquake in the Kutch destroyed the houses leaving many families homeless. The health care facility was absent specially women and children were suffering from malnourishment- number of starvation death was on rise. Education infrastructure was nearly absent. There was no proper drinking water facility.

    The Gujarat part of Prayas has gained a distinct identity as “Sneh-Prayas”. Following the massive earthquake (7.9 in Richter scale) in Gujarat. Prayas understood the need for crisis intervention in the State regarding conducting relief operation and mid-term to long-term rehabilitation. Prayas made the necessary initial spadework by sending a team to the worst affected localities in Kutch district of Gujarat to assess the immediate and long term needs. The team had established the required network with different government agencies in Gujarat besides the local, national and international voluntary groups, community people and other stakeholders. Prayas conducted detailed studies to assess the situation and initiated rehabilitative work for the in the worst earthquake affected areas of the state in the name of “Sneh-Prayas”.

    Sneh-Prayas has been making constant efforts to create enabling supportive systems for the most vulnerable survivors of earthquake, particularly, children and women of the earthquake so that they can regain their normal life. Sneh-Prayas’ interventions cover 36 worst hit villages from the Bhachau taluka of Kutch area. (Please see Annexure-I). Sneh-Prayas started its intervention in earthquake relief and rehabilitation in Kutch with no resources. Afterwards, it developed partnership with several Govt. and Non-govt. agencies, involved in the field of relief and rehabilitation of earthquake victims in Kutch. In the process of evolution, Sneh-Prayas has evolved as an independent unit in Gujarat, which has a team of 36 self-sufficient volunteers and professionals as well as leadership.

    Objective
    Rehabilitation of the earthquake affected people in Kutch through self- help and focus on child survival, health of the women , community development and water issues.

    About the project in brief:
    The project covered the worst affected talukas of Kutch area serving fifty villages from the Bhachau taluka of the Kutch area and five slum communities in Ahmedabad. The project also focused on alternative education, vocational education, day care, mid- day meals and recreational services for children. Primary health care, counseling services, community mobilization and self- group activities for economic rehabilitation was taken up. Under this project shelters were also created for needy children and women with voluntary contribution of land by the villages. Besides, houses were constructed to help the disabled and most vulnerable section of the population affected by the earthquake. By way of promoting the rights of the disabled and providing legal support to the projects foster closer links between the earthquake victims and various government agencies meant to help the former. Additionally, a special livelihood support program was initiated to help the deserving whereby they were enabled to promote self-sustenance.

    Tsunami Disaster in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

    The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were practically wiped out by the tsunami in 2005. Responding to these need-based areas, Prayas, with its missionary zeal, is helping getting their lives back to normal.

    DWEEP PRAYAS stands for the PRAYAS chapter of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was established in January, 2005 soon after the Tsunami hit the islands on 26th December, 2004. In the initial years, it followed the policy of relief and support. During this phase, PRAYAS put all its effort to meet the needs and tackle the pressing concerns which arose because of the disaster. The strategy of PRAYAS during this period included immediate relief, trauma counseling for the victims, supplementary education to children who could not attend regular schools due to destruction caused by Tsunami and logistical support for continuing education. ‘Childline’ (1098) service which is a national 24 hour helpline for children was made operational for this purpose.

    After three years of providing relief services to the children of the islands, DWEEP PRAYAS changed its policy of relief to rehabilitation and support. During this phase, DWEEP PRAYAS got involved in activities like restoration of services and rebuilding of health and educational infrastructure broken down by Tsunami. It also involved in behavior change oriented activities which are essential for sustainability of the restorations and rehabilitation programmes it has initiated.

    It has also initiated implementation and smooth performance of National Flagship Programmes like NRHM, ICPS etc. Under NRHM, PRAYAS is the first agency to implement School Health Programme, formation of Village Health and Sanitation Committees and training thereof of making of Village Health Plans. PRAYAS is also a member of Child Welfare Committee formed under Juvenile JusticeAct,2000. It is also a member of two District level Committees on Monitoring of Children’s Homes and functioning of Anganwadi Centres and on Monitoring of Implementation of Mid Day meal Scheme in South Andaman District.

    Childline: (1098):
    Child line – 1098 – 24 Hours Helpline Number For Children In Distress. Child line is a toll free helpline Number (1098) for children in need of care and protection.

    Child line 1098 in Andaman and Nicobar was started post Tsunami as a project of Ministry of Women and Child Development. Childline 1098 at ANI has in 2008 alone intervened in more than 1000 cases and benefited around 400 children in need of care and protection. Child line 1098 services have been appreciated by various linked departments and its services like Library and counseling has been widely beneficial to more than 500 Children. Child line implements its activities through awareness and community works to increase the call statistics so that every child in distress reaches out for justice through Child line. The call centre is centrally located at Port Blair and its team members are scattered over Little Andaman, Campbell Bay and Port Blair and its adjoining areas.

    The project on Water and Sanitation Project at Baratang was started keeping in view the unsafe water, poor sanitation and unhygienic facilities in schools and in the community. The project is prepared and implemented in partnership with Terres Des Hommes, Lausanne. In the community / School the pipe water is not safe but consumed by most of the families and students without any treatment or purification. There is very limited understanding of hygiene practice. Through the HH Survey it is identified that nearly 90% of the families still don’t have their latrines at their homes. Hand washing after defecation remains very limited hand washing practice during critical time. The PHC verbal communication reveals that 25% of patient with illness are through feacal contamination. Through home visit both adult and children are identified very high skin infections and referred to PHC for the treatment. Awareness and knowledge on sanitation and hygiene issues is very low.

    WATSAN at Little Andaman:

    The project was built in the backdrop of the destruction of health infrastructures in the island of Little Andaman by devastating Tsunami. The project is combined with School Health Programme run under the umbrella of National Rural Health Mission and is implemented with Terres Des Hommes, Lausane. As part of the project, health infrastructures like toilets were built in 6 schools of the island while refurbishment has been done in all the existing toilets which were not maintained since Tsunami. Additionally, health check ups, recording data in Health Cards for every child ,referrals of sick children to the nearest Primary Health Centres and beyond followed by home visits are done once in every six months. The teachers of Government schools and Anganwadi Workers were trained on childhood illness and diseases.

    Adolescent Health at Little Andaman:

    This project aims at improving the health of adolescents in Little Andaman Island. It is in continuation of the previous project on child health. During implementation of the programme, it was identified that not much of work has been done for the adolescents there. They lack the motivation and interest to study owing to the limited career opportunities. They also lack life skills and skill based health education resulting in eloping, early marriage and early pregnancy with severe consequence of death. In this backdrop, the current activities have been planned and being implemented.

    As part of the project, health checkups are being done for school going children along with deworming medication. The children were also checked for their blood groups and Haemoglobin level and the findings are entered in the health cards and handed over to the children. Special health check up for in and out of school adolescents are also being done and the data is entered into a Adolescent Health Card. Sick children and adolescents are referred to the nearest Primary Health Centre and beyond for further treatment.

    PRAYAS has also initiated a process of advocacy and campaign against the issues like consumption of liquar, early marriage, early pregnancy, quality education etc which play a pivotal role in children being abused. For this it has taken help of role plays, street plays, freeze images, line drawings etc. It has also been able to gather the community at Little Andaman to stand against domestic violence and getting justice for the victim.

    PRAYAS JAN SHIKSHAN SANSTHAN

    Jan Shikshan Sansthan or Institute of People’s Education is a polyvalent Adult Education Programme aimed at improving the Vocational Skills and quality of the life of its beneficiaries. In the year 2000, the Ministry of HRD had sanctioned Jan Shikshan Sansthan formerly known as Shramik Vidya Peeth to various NGOs in the country.

    Main activities of JSS Prayas Since 2000, Jan Shikshan Sansthan Prayas has been working with the socio-economically marginalized and educationally backward population in various parts of Delhi, for their empowerment and economic rehabilitation. Its main activities and achievements are-

    Vocational Training: 

    Imparting vocational training and skill development based on market surveys is the main activity of JSSP. So far, it has conducted training in approximately 30 trades at around 17 centres in Delhi. Till date, around 10,000 students have availed the facilities of JSSP and are gainfully employed.

    Adult Literacy and Life Skills Training: 

    JSSP has been accredited by the NIOS for the Open Basic Education Programme. JSSP has collaborated with the CII to conduct non-formal classes in two clusters of Delhi, namely Bhagwanpur and Peeragarhi, under a project called Basti Shishka Yojna, to eradicate illiteracy from the communities, to motivate the children to continue their studies and to check the dropout rate. Furthermore, in order to ensure the holistic development of the youth JSSP has collaborated with GE Youth Reach for the Life Skills Programme.

    SHGs and Women’s Empowerment: 

    No country can progress without the empowerment of its women folk. It is estimated that women account for half of the world population and 2/3 of the world’s poorest people. Realising this, JSSP has promoted around 140 Self-Help Groups comprising around 2000 women in different parts of Delhi. The size of SHGs varies from 10 to 20.

    Placement: :

    With a mission to provide job opportunities to its beneficiaries and other residents of slums and resettlement colonies, JSSP established a placement cell in 2002. The placement unit has been in touch with various agencies and organizations and corporates to provide job opportunities to the beneficiaries. HSBC, HPCL, GE, Amul, Batra Hospital, Hotel Taj Mansingh, Hotel Ambassador Rotary blood bank , Vardhman Group, Trident Switchgears, P.R.Packaging P.Ltd, Texvisions are the main collaborators. Till date around 3500 beneficiaries have been placed.

    Advocacy and Awareness: 

    Awareness programmes on social issues, health and education, are among the most important activities of JSS Prayas. In this process, awareness camps and street plays were organized on related issues like HIV AIDS awareness, sanitation, environment management, drug de-ddiction, population, etc. in the target areas. Various government and non- government. agencies have collaborated for these programmes.

    Prayas ImpactReal Impact, Measurable Results

    270
    fundraising & donation campaign
    89
    of beneficiaries have increased coping skills
    93
    of beneficiaries saw an increased income or educational level
    83
    increased community needs

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